The ECTS system is modelled on the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) which was initially introduced to facilitate the transfer of students between higher education institutions in different European states. Other credit systems are designed to facilitate accumulation and transfer within institutions
ECTS makes teaching and learning more transferable and transparent and facilitates the recognition of all studies. The system allows for the transfer of learning experiences between different institutions and greater student mobility. It also aids curriculum design and quality assurance.
ECTS credits express the volume of learning based on defined learning outcomes and their associated workload and are expressed in full numbers. Typically 1 ECTS credit would equate with around 20 to 25 hours of student effort. One academic year of undergraduate study and associated workload equates to approximately 60 ECTS credits, while a year long postgraduate year of study would be approximately 90 ECTS credits.
The ECTS system is used in many European countries as it facilitates the planning, delivery and evaluation of study programmes and student mobility by recognising learning achievements, qualifications and periods of learning.
ECTs points are therefore ideal for continuous professional development (CPD) as many professionals prefer to study modules or units of study at various stages of their career.